Nettuno is situated on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is a popular yacht charter base with a tourist harbor which hosts about 860 boats. It is most famous for its medieval wall, a “fort” which goes around an entire neighborhood of stony streets. Being a popular tourist destination today, it is most renowned for its old quarter, the Borgo Medievale, with medieval streets and small squares, castles and garrisons.
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Location and climate
Lazio is a region in central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The rest of the territory, except Rome, consists mostly of plains and hills, with mountains in the area of Rieti such as Monte Terminillo. Lazio is separated into five provinces: Frosinone, Latina, Rieti, Rome and Vitarebo.
History and sights
History of the region begins in the 8th century BC with the foundation of Rome, which was at first a monarchy, and then a republic. The republic gave way to the Empire in the 1st century BC when the first Roman emperor, Augustus, reorganized the Empire, so that Lazio and Campania were the Prima Regio. During the war against the Goths (535-553) the Byzantine Empire reclaimed Lazio for a period, then had to defend the Adriatic possessions against the Lombards. After centuries of fighting local lords, the State of the Church gained a total supremacy on Lazio. In 1870, after the Third War of Independence, Rome became capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
Nettuno was founded by the Saracens in the 9th century. Today, it is considered a popular tourist destination with the Borgo Medievale and the Sangallo Fort being the most attractive sights to visit. Nettuno is an important center of pilgrimage to the shrine of Saint Maria Goretti. In the shrine there is a crypt where lie the remains of the saint. The church is a lovely, peaceful spot. Exhibits on St. Maria Goretti are really interesting and very well maintained. The nuns in the museum/gift shop are very kind and helpful. The privately owned Villa Costaguti-Borghese at Nettuno, built in 1648, has a park designed in 1840s, and is now protected as a nature reserve. Tourists can visit the Sicily Rome American Cemetery and Memorial. The grounds are wonderfully taken care of and quite moving. The overwhelming beauty of this property is sure to leave you breathless.
How to arrive?
The nearest international airports are Rome Fiumicino and Rome Campino.