Šibenik is situated in a picturesque bay of the river Krka, in the central part of the Croatian coast. The Šibenik area is characterized by a very indented coast.
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Location and climate
The climate is Mediterranean. Temperatures in the summer are quite high (average temperature 24,2 °C in July), but due to the “maestral” wind, which is blowing in the direction sea – mainland, it is bearable. Šibenik has 2.710 sunshine hours per year and the summers are quite dry. Average winter temperature in January amounts to 6,5 °C.
History and sights
On the territory nowadays known as Šibenik, in the 9th century, a fortress was built, around which an urban settlement was established. The city was ruled by Byzantium, Venice, France, Hungarian-Croatian kings, Austria etc. In the 13th century it became a bishopric centre, while in the 15th and 16th was known as one of the most significant Croatian Renaissance and humanistic centres. Fortresses, towers and city walls were a significant defense system of the city. The most prominent ones from the extremely well preserved examples of the fortification architecture are: St. Nicholas fortress from 16th century at the entrance to the St. Anthony's channel, built to protect the harbour against Turkish attacks; Šubićevac fortress from 17th century and St. John's fortress, also from 17th century. A three-hull basilica, St. Jacob's Cathedral, situated in the city centre, is enlisted in the UNESCO's World Heritage due to its beauty, stylistic features and construction. Other important Gothic-Romanesque monuments are: St. John's church, St. Lawrence's church and monastery, St. Krševan's church and St. Dominic's church.
Šibenik is an administrative, political, economic and cultural centre of the Šibenik-Knin county. Two national parks are in this area – Kornati and Krka. Šibenik has ideal conditions for sailing, rowing, diving and underwater photo safari. The most well known cultural events in Šibenik are St. Jacob's Day (patron saint of the town) held on 25th July, Children's Festival and Dalmatian chansons festival.
How to arrive?
The closest airports are Split airport, situated in Kaštela, 45 km away from Šibenik, and Zemunik airport near Zadar, 50 km away from Šibenik.
By car or bus
If you are arriving from the direction of north, the highway Zagreb – Split is the best way. Adriatic highway is connected with all the towns along the coast. Šibenik is connected with the inland of Croatia via branch roads for Drniš and Knin. Regular bus lines connect Šibenik with many European cities and all significant centres in Croatia.
Regular ferry lines connect Šibenik with every larger city on the coast and via them (Split, Zadar) with Italy (Bari and Ancona).