Dubrovnik is one of the most attractive and famous Mediterranean cities. It is a town and a port in the Southern Dalmatia, listed in the UNESCO World Heritage register.
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Location and climate
Dubrovnik is situated in a valley under the hill Srđ in the Southern Dalmatia. Its indented coast offers secluded bays with exotic pebble beaches and steep cliffs exposed to the open sea. Dubrovnik has typical Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild and wet winters. The average annual temperature is 17 °C. With about 2.629 sun hours per year, Dubrovnik is one of the sunniest towns of the Southern Europe. The average sea temperature from May to September amounts between 18 and 24 °C. The warmest month is August with average temperature of 25 °C, while the coldest one is January with 9 °C.
History and sights
Dubrovnik was founded by a group of refugees from Epidaurum (today's Cavtat) in the first half of the 7th century. They established two settlements, one on the island and one on the mainland, which were separated by a channel (today's Stradun) that was filled up in the 12th century. Building of the city walls began at that time, as a protection from various enemies who wanted to conquer Dubrovnik. The town was under the protection of the Byzantine Empire from its establishment. After the Crusades, Dubrovnik came under the sovereignty of Venice. In the 14th century it became a part of the Hungarian-Croatian Kingdom. Dubrovnik started its life as a free state, after being granted the entire self-government, bound only to pay a tribute to the king and provide assistance with its fleet. It reached its peak in 15th and 16th centuries when it became the strongest commercial centre of the Eastern Adriatic. The town lost its autonomy and fell under the French reign during the Napoleon wars. After that it was a part of Austrian Empire. Dubrovnik was well-known literary centre as well as a centre of the painting school during the Renaissance. City walls and fortresses are preserved in their original state and the fortress Minčeta is the most prominent of them. In the eastern part of the town lies the fortress Revelin, in the western part Lovrijenac fortress, and the oldest preserved fortress is Bokar. The town's old main street Stradun was reconstructed in the 17th century after a catastrophic earthquake. Other significant sight are: palace Sponza (16th century), baroque church of St. Vlaho, Franciscan Monastery built in Romanesque-Gothic style, church of St. Salvation (16th century) etc.
Dubrovnik is one of the most attractive and famous Mediterranean cities and it is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage register. The town is well-known for its first-rate hotels and many restaurants and konobas which offer specialties of home and international cuisine. The ACI Marina Dubrovnik is situated about two nautical miles away from the entrance to the port Gruž, near Komolac and only 6 kilometers from the old town. Dubrovnik is a great destination for visitors who are interested in culture. Dubrovnik's Summer Festival is held since 1950. It is held from 10th July till 25th August and during the festival you can enjoy many ballets, operas, music performances, exhibitions, poetic performances etc. The most famous celebration is St. Vlaho's Day held on 3rd of February in honor of the patron of the town, St. Vlaho.
How to arrive?
The airport in Dubrovnik is connected with several European cities. 13 km south of Dubrovnik is situated the airport Čilipi. There are several flights from Zagreb to Dubrovnik on a daily basis and the flight lasts approximately 45 minutes.
By car or bus
If you are coming from the direction of north, the fastest way is Zagreb – Vrgorac highway, or you can use alternative route Zagreb – Karlovac – Plitvice – Gračac – Knin – Split – Makarska – Ploče – Dubrovnik. Coming from the direction of Italy, you can arrive via Trieste – Rijeka and then via the Adriatic highway toward the south. Or you can hit the highway from Rijeka or the junction Žuta Lokva near the town Senj, about 60 km south of Rijeka, and continue driving toward Vrgorac, and from there use the road via Ploče toward Dubrovnik. If you are arriving by bus, you can come from various directions. There are several bus lines from Zagreb, Rijeka, Split etc. toward Dubrovnik.
Several ferry lines connect Dubrovnik with almost every bigger Croatian ports (Rijeka – Zadar – Split – Stari Grad – Korčula – Dubrovnik) via port Gruž. Regular ferry lines connect the town with Bari, Pescara, Ancona, Rimini and Venice in Italy.